Fine Art Glossary
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Elements of design
Elements of design: those qualities of a design that can be seen and worked with independently of its figurative content. They include line, form, value, texture, color, and shape.
Emphasis: the stress placed on a single area of a work or a unifying visual theme.
En plein air
En plein air: French for "in open air," used to describe paintings that have been executed outdoors, rather than in the studio.
The process of painting by mixing dry pigments with molten wax and varying amounts of Damar varnish. Hot wax painting is easily manipulated, resulting in a variety of textures and color combinations.
Etching: an impression made from an etched plate; an intaglio process in which an image is scratched through an acid-resistant coating on a metal plate. The plate is then dipped in acid which eats into the exposed surface.
Exhibition - A public showing of a piece or a collection of objects. Also called an exhibit.
Expressionism: Post-World War I artistic movement, of German origin, that emphasized the expression of inner experience rather than solely realistic portrayal, seeking to depict not objective reality but the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse in the artist.
Fading / Bleaching
Loss of brightness and/or brilliance of color. Occurs when excessive ultra-violet light exposure causes the surface of the piece to become discolored and loose brilliance.
Ferrule: refers to the metal or plastic device that that aligns and anchors paintbrush bristles or hairs in an adhesive. The ferrule is attached to the handle by crimping or by binding wires. (See illustration.)
Filbert: brushes used to create soft edges, blend colors, and has the shape of a flower petal or leaf. (See illustration.)