Fine Art Glossary
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Fading / Bleaching
Loss of brightness and/or brilliance of color. Occurs when excessive ultra-violet light exposure causes the surface of the piece to become discolored and loose brilliance.
Ferrule: refers to the metal or plastic device that that aligns and anchors paintbrush bristles or hairs in an adhesive. The ferrule is attached to the handle by crimping or by binding wires. (See illustration.)
Filbert: brushes used to create soft edges, blend colors, and has the shape of a flower petal or leaf. (See illustration.)
Filigree: a technique used to produce fine intricate patterns in metal. Often used for metal beads, clasps, and bead caps.
Fine art: art created for purely aesthetic expression, communication, or contemplation. Painting and sculpture are the best known of the fine arts.
Works of art that are created specifically for their aesthetic value, such as painting and sculpture.
Fixative: a liquid, similar to varnish, which is usually sprayed over a finished piece of artwork to better preserve it and prevent smudging. Artwork media requiring fixative include drawings done in pencil, charcoal, and pastel.
Flat brush: a brush with a flat shaped end like a screwdriver. (See illustration.)
Foam core: a strong, stiff, resilient, and lightweight board of polystyrene laminated with paper on both of its sides used as backing for art prints before framing. Also referred to as "foam board".
Focal point: a specific area, element or principle that dominates a work of art; the area in a work which the eye is most compellingly drawn. The viewer's eye is usually drawn there first.